an art movement founded by Italian writer F. T. Marinetti in 1909. Originally a
literary movement, the emphasis was the modern era, celebrating the sensations and sounds of the technological world of the
Style: Representing the likeness of a recognizable human (or animal) figure.
Expressionism: Style of art practiced by two groups in Germany, Die Brucke and Der Blaue Reiter. Both expressed emotions through choices
of color, form, and line in their works.
From the Yoruba culture they are twin figures or the small statues used to represent
deceased twins within a family.
Impressionist: An artistic movement or style of painting that began in the 1870s in France and is characterized by a desire to depict actual reflected light and spontaneity
in depictions of modern subject matter.
Sculpture: Art which incorporates an element of mechanical or random movement,
or which gives the illusion of movement by the use of optical techniques. It was popularized by Alexander Calder with his
mobiles in the 1930s.
Term coined in the 1960’s to describe art which abandons all pretensions
at expressiveness or illusion. Usually the art is three-dimensional and made of basic geometrical forms.
Art: General name given to the succession of cutting edge styles in art and architecture
which have dominated Western culture almost throughout the 20th century.
glass: A style of blown glass popularized in Murano,
space: An enclosed empty space in architecture, sculpture or a painting which makes
an essential contribution to the composition.
Art and architecture which aspires to a state of emotional and physical equilibrium
and which is rationally rather than intuitively constructed, art influenced by Greek and Roman antiquity, particularly characteristic
of the revival of classical aesthetics during the 18th and 19th centuries in Europe and America.
Deal: President Franklin Roosevelt’s program for economic recovery during
the Great Depression.
Realism: A term coined by a French art critic to describe the style of artists
such as Yves Klein and Arman, who rejected the free abstraction of the period in order to make use of existing objects, particularly
A single tapering rectangular block of stone which terminates in a pyramid. Obelisks
are particularly associated with ancient Egypt,
where they were used as commemorative monuments.
Art: A style of modern art popularized in the 1960s which celebrates popular culture,
consumerism and mass culture (i.e. comic strips, pin-ups and packaging), with a mixture of irony and celebration. Pop artists
include Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Claes Oldenburg.
A participant in the surrealism movement founded by André Breton in 1924. The term
is French for “transcending the real.” The movement absorbed the nonsensical Dada movement and was heavily based
on the writings of Sigmund Freud. Surrealist practices are meant to liberate the unconscious through various methods and suspend
[Works Progress Administration]: Established
by the U.S. Government in 1935, the WPA was a cultural program under the New Deal to help unemployed artists and artisans.
They were hired to produce works of art and complete constructions projects for tax-supported institutions.