New Orleans in the Last Century ~~ 1910

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Unknown Dates (1910)

Cabildo -  home to the Louisiana Supreme Court from 1868 to 1910 and was the site of the controversial. “separate but equal” ruling by the state’s high ...

Many more Italians emigrated to New Orleans in the mid to late 1800s, fleeing persecution and poverty. By the end of the 1890s more than 30,000 Italians had entered New Orleans, and by 1910 a mass migration from Sicily transformed the French Quarter into “Little Italy.”

Shotgun House

The Supreme Court under Edward Douglass White, 1910-1921 -- was in White League

  • Lived in New Orleans, 1910-1919: Norwood F. Allman - Martin Behrman - Louis H. Burns - Walter L. Cohen - Milton J. Cunningham - John Depinet - H. Garland Dupré - John Ewing - Robert Ewing - Samuel L. Gilmore - Emile Kuntz - David A. Lines - Victor Loisel - Francis T. Nicholls - Joseph A. O'Hara - Armand Romain - James M. Thomson
  • Loyola University- New Orleans

    From Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

    Loyola University New Orleans is a private, co-educational and Jesuit university located in New Orleans, Louisiana. Originally established as Loyola College in 1904, the institution was later chartered as a university in 1912.  The first of Loyola's permanent buildings was undertaken in 1907, with Marquette Hall completed in 1910.

    Joe Jackson card

    Starting Bid - $5,000.00, Sold For - $92,800.00

    racial makeup

    List of buildings 1910

    ?margaret statue? Date?

    Stanhope Bayne-Jones

    Greatest N.O. sports teams of all time: No. 1

    Mardi Gras 1910 photos

    Along the river front, New Orleans: the "Benjam


    Gilmore, Samuel Louis  b. 1859  d. 1910
    US Congressman. Elected to represent Louisiana's 2nd District in the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1909 until his death in 1910.

    Arlington, Josie [original burial site]    d. 1914
    Folk Figure. New Orleans madam whose crypt was once believed to be haunted; it was rumored that the statue of the woman in front of the tomb would come to life and walk the cemetery grounds at night. It was later discovered that a street light reflecting off the tomb gave it a reddish glow, lending credence to the rumors of the haunting. Josie Arlington's body was later moved to an unknown location within the same cemetery. (Bio by: Joel Manuel)
    Metairie Cemetery,

    Behrman, Martin    b. October 14, 1864  d. January 12, 1926
    New Orleans Mayor. Served as the Mayor of New Orleans, Louisiana, from 1904 to 1920, and 1925 until his death in 1926. Also served as a Delegate to the Democratic National Convention from Louisiana in 1912, and Louisiana State Democratic Chair in 1925. (Bio by: Kris)
    Metairie Cemetery,

    Clark, Marguerite   b. February 22, 1883  d. September 25, 1940
    Actress. Silent film star.
    Metairie Cemetery,

    Curie, Eve   b. December 6, 1904  d. October 22, 2007
    Author. She was best known for "Madame Curie" (1937), a biography of her mother, the Nobel Prize-winning scientist Marie Curie. The book became a best seller and in 1943 was made into a Hollywood film. During World War II she supported the Free French cause and served in Europe with the women's division of General Charles de Gaulle's Fighting French. She later was a publisher of the French newspaper Paris-Press, and in the early 1950s was a special adviser to the secretary general of NATO...[Read More] (Bio by: Claude)
    Metairie Cemetery,

    Desdunes, Rodolphe Lucien    b. 1849  d. 1928
    Author of "Nous Hommes et Noire Histoire," published in French in 1911, which chronicled the lives of 50 prominent black residents of New Orleans during the late 19th century. He was also a columnist for a black-owned New Orleans newspaper, "The Crusader," who wrote several influential articles during the "Plessy vs. Ferguson" case. (Bio by: Joel Manuel)
    Saint Louis Cemetery Number 2,

    Dix (Gilmer), Dorothy (Elizabeth)    b. November 18, 1861  d. December 16, 1951
    As "Dorothy Dix," Meriwether was a forerunner of today's advice columnists. Her columns on life, love, and marriage were carried by newspapers everywhere. One of her most famous columns covered her ten "Dictates for a Happy Life." She was also the author of "How to Win and Hold a Husband," "Hearts A La Mode," and "Fables of the Elite." (Bio by: Joel Manuel)
    Metairie Cemetery,

    Dunkley, Ferdinand Luis  b. July 16, 1869  d. January 5, 1956
    Composer. He is best know for the works of 'Rustic Suite for Orchestra: Cradle Song', 'The Wreck of the Hesperus', 'Leif Erikson' and 'The Buoyant Voice.' (Bio by: Laurie)
    Greenwood Cemetery,

    Dupre, Henry Garland  b. July 28, 1873  d. February 21, 1924
    US Congressman. Elected to represent Louisiana's 2nd District in the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1910 until his death in 1924. Also served as a Member of the Louisiana State House of Representatives from 1900 to 1910, and Speaker of the Louisiana State House of Representatives from 1908 to 1910.

    Edenborn, William    b. March 20, 1848  d. May 14, 1926
    Businessman and industrialist. Founder of the Louisiana Railway and Navigation Company and founder of the American Steel Wire Company; member of the board of United States Steel. In 1870 he patented a machine to produce barbed wire, previously made only by hand, and started a company at St. Louis, Missouri, to manufacture the product. In the late 1870s he contracted to make wire for telephones and telegraph systems, gaining a monopoly for doing so. In 1901 he sold the company to J. P. Morgan...[Read More]

    Edwards, Eddie (Edwin)    b. May 22, 1891  d. April 9, 1963
    Jazz Musician. A native of New Orleans, Louisiana, he was a talented violinist and trombonist, who was a founder and a member of the, 'Original Dixieland Jazz Band,' from 1917 until the group disbanded in 1923. The group was one of the first bands to popularize jazz music. Known as a superb rhythmic player and force in the group, other members included Emile Christian, Nick LaRocca, J. Russell Robinson, Larry Shields, Tony Sbarbaro, and Henry Ragas. He stayed with the band until they disbanded...[Read More]

    Fontenot, Mary Alice   b. April 16, 1910  d. May 12, 2003
    Acclaimed Author. She wrote the "Clovis Crawfish" series, in which the title character and his animal friends experienced a host of adventures. The goal of the series, for which she penned 18 different books, was to teach life lessons to children while helping them learn a little of the Cajun French language; Clovis and his pals spoke mostly English with Cajun sayings and songs thrown in. She also wrote other books, including "The Star Seed" and "The Louisiana Experience."

    Gilmore, Samuel Louis  b. 1859  d. 1910
    US Congressman. Elected to represent Louisiana's 2nd District in the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1909 until his death in 1910. (Bio by: Kris)
    Metairie Cemetery,

    Harrington, Joseph V. 'Neversmile'   d. July, 1924
    Notorious gambler. (Bio by: Joel Manuel)
    Metairie Cemetery,

    Higgins, Andrew J.   b. August 28, 1886  d. August 1, 1952
    Inventor. He was an industrialist shipbuilder and owner of the Higgins Industries in New Orleans, when commissioned by the U.S. War Department for a variety of equipment for the Navy. During World War II, he designed and manufactured the ramp-bow Eureka boat, the "LCVP" (Landing Craft, Vehicle, Personnel), or simply, the "Higgins Boat" and a larger version, classified as a tank lighter, "LCM" (Landing Craft, Mechanized). His plants also turned out, motor torpedo boat (PT boats), torpedo tubes...[Read More] (Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith)
    Metairie Cemetery,

    King, Grace Elizabeth    b. 1852  d. 1932
    Author. Her works include "Memories of a Southern Woman of Letters," "Monsieur Motte," "Balcony Stories," and "Tales of a Time and Place." (Bio by: Joel Manuel)
    Metairie Cemetery,

    Meyer, Emile    b. August 18, 1910  d. March 19, 1987
    'Tough guy' actor, probably best remembered as the villianous "Ryker" in 1953's "SHANE."
    Cause of death: Alzheimer's Disease
    Greenwood Cemetery,

    Pinchback, Pinckney Benton Stewart 'P.B.S.'    b. May 10, 1837  d. December 21, 1921
    Civil War Union Officer, Louisiana Governor. Leader in Louisiana Politics. He was one of the 10 children born to a white Mississippi planter and a former slave freed before the boy's birth. When the father died in 1848 the family fled to Ohio, fearing that white relatives might attempt to re-enslave them. Pinchback found work as a cabin boy on a canal boat and worked his way up to steward on the steamboats plying the Mississippi, Missouri, and Red Rivers. After war broke out between the states...[Read More] (Bio by: Cinnamonntoast4)
    Metairie Cemetery,

    Plessy, Homer   b. March 17, 1863  d. March 1, 1925
    Plessy was the plaintiff in the landmark Plessy vs. Ferguson decision that established the 'separate but equal' legal doctrine which codified segregation in the south.
    Saint Louis Cemetery Number 1,

    Powell, Abner Charles   b. December 15, 1860  d. August 7, 1953
    Major League Baseball Team Owner, Executive. He played Major League baseball as a pitcher for the Washington Nationals of the Union League in 1884, and for the Baltimore Orioles and Cincinnati Red Stockings of the National League in 1886. However, he is better known in baseball history more for his innovations as a league executive and team owner. He is credited for devising such promotions as "Ladies' Day" and the rain check ticket.
    Hope Mausoleum,

    Shakspeare, Joseph A.  b. April 12, 1837  d. January 22, 1896
    Mayor of New Orleans, 1880-82 and 1888-92. (Bio by: Joel Manuel)
    Metairie Cemetery,

    Witherspoon, Cora    b. January 5, 1890  d. November 17, 1957
    Actress in 48 films including: "Libeled Lady" with Jean Harlow, "Marie Antoinette" with Norma Shearer and Tyrone Power, "Dark Victory" with Bette Davis and "The Bank Dick" with W.C. Fields. (Bio by: Tony Scott)
    Metairie Cemetery,


    Bee 1910 ads:

    Cumberland telephone

    Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey -- "Absolutely Pure & Unadulterated"

    Union Coffee -- Merchant's Coffee Co.

    Gurnewald -- "Some Pianos $4.00 and $5.00

    Junius Hart Piano House, LTD.

    Renaissance Arts Hotel circa 1910

     La Pavillion -- 1907?

    Drainage system

    The New Orleans Great Northern experienced many of the same construction problems which have continually plagued most railroad builders.  It was not possible to keep to construction schedules which had been optimistically projected when the task was begun.  Not until June 30, 1910, was the New Orleans Great Northern able to report to the Commission that its other mileage was put into service.  In the year from July 1, 1909, to June 30, 1910, the road inaugurated service on 185 miles of new line.  This included the 114 miles from Bogalusa to Jackson (actually Nogan), Mississippi, 41 miles from Rio, Louisiana, to Tylertown, Mississippi, 27 miles from North Slidell, Louisiana, to Abita Springs, Louisiana, and 2 1/2 miles from West Columbia to Columbia, Mississippi.  From Nogan, Mississippi to Jackson, a distance of 4 1/2 miles, the line of the Illinois Central was to be used under a trackage agreement.  Terminal facilities of the IC in Jackson were to be used under lease also.

    The beginning of through service from Bogalusa to Jackson brought drastic changes in rates charged by the New Orleans Great Northern, as well as great increases in tonnage hauled.  In 1909 the New Orleans Great Northern moved 13,245,548 ton miles of freight an average of 41 miles at an average charge of 2.86 cents per ton mile.  In 1910, the road moved 59,932,045 ton-miles an average of 77 Miles and collected 1.78 cents per ton-mile.  In 1909 the average train contained 20 cars, 14 of which were loaded with a total of 216 tons per train or about 16 tons per car.  These averages increased in 1910 to 23 cars per freight train with a total of 262 tons per train or about 19 tons per car.

    That and more at

    In 1989, historic Greenville Hall on the Broadway campus was renovated to provide office space for the Division of Institutional Advancement (alumni/parent relations, development, and public affairs/publications/marketing communications). This outstanding Italianate structure was built in 1892 for St. Mary’s Academy, a girls’ school established in 1861 by Dominican nuns from Cabra, Ireland. In 1864 when the nuns acquired the property on which the building sits, the area was known as the village of Greenville, a community which was annexed by the City of New Orleans in 1870. In 1910, the academy became St. Mary’s Dominican College. In 1984, the same year Loyola bought the Broadway campus, Greenville was designated a historic landmark by the Orleans Parish Landmarks Commission.

    In 1910 four men strolled down a New Orleans street and into a whorehouse. They were being tailed by two Secret Service men. It was an open secret that these men were plotting a revolution in Honduras and the government wanted to make sure that the invasion wasn't launched from American soil.

    That and much more at

    In 1910, Tin Pan Alley sold $2 billion worth of sheet music.  Ragtime was so popular in Tin Pan Alley that it eventually replaced the ballad as its most marketable song product.

    In its long history, the Cabildo has served the city in many ways. From 1853 to 1910, the Cabildo housed the Supreme Court of Louisiana. Since 1911 theCabildo has operated as the Louisana State Museum.

    In the 1870s and 1880s, funds from the estate of John McDonogh, a wealthy trader and slaveholder, began to be used to construct new schools.  These schools were predominantly for white students, whose enrollment numbers almost doubled in the three decades from 1878 to 1910.  In the same period, black enrollment remained flat; black students were routinely restricted to lower grades and had no access to high school.  Another spurt of building occurred between 1910 and 1940 and beginning in 1910, black enrollment started to increase dramatically.  McDonogh #35, the first black high school in New Orleans, was opened in 1917 after black citizens’ groups put significant pressure on the school board (it remained the only black high school until Booker T. Washington opened in 1942).  From 1910 to 1940, black enrollment more than quadrupled while white enrollment increased by 50 percent.

     1910 New Orleans Pelicans (87-53) - won Southern Association

    It is said that the Countess had the distinction of having a revolution planned in the parlour of her mansion when Lee Christmas, a soldier of fortune, Guy Molony; later chief of police in New Orleans, and Manuel Bonilla, who afterwards became Honduran President, plotted the Honduras revolution of 1910.

    Richard Koch (1910) "the progenitor of the Historic American Building Survey in New Orleans

    Established in 1910, the Ad Club of New Orleans has a long history of civic and business ...

    City Park Flying Horses 4 years old
    French Opera House

     The city electrician's office developed a 5.5 ampere "acorn" arc lamp which greatly improved street lighting.

    A hospital for mental diseases, at a cost of $43,000, was completed in 1910.

     The Louisiana State Legislature passed an act in 1902 to allow for the building of a $575,000 courthouse in order to move the business from the ?Cabildo? which was completed in 1910 at cost exceeding the initial allottment.

    Board of Commissioners were empowered by 1910 constitutional amendment "to erect and operate warehouses and other structures necessary to the commerce of the Port of New Orleans," and "to expropriate any property necessary for said purposes, and to pay for same by issuing mortgage or mortgages, bond or bonds, against the real estate and buildings erected thereupon; said mortgage or mortgages, bond or bonds to be paid out of the net receipts after the payment of operating expenses".


    Dunham, Katherine (1910- Dancer

    Rustin, Bayard (1910-1987) civil rights activist

    Legend Eddie "The Rhythm Man" Gabriel, 1910-2005



    Woods, Granville T. (1856-1910) Inventor

    Clemens, Samuel L. (Twain, Mark, 1835-1910),


    A Condensed History of Old New Orleans

    Guide Book of New Orleans (1917)

    A Near Century of Gas in New Orleans (1926)



    Canal Street after the Rex parade, taken from the gallery of the Chess, Checkers and Whist Club, on the corner of Baronne and Canal Streets, Mardi Gras, 1910. photo at

     Canal Street from the Chess Club gallery, before Rex

    "Frenchmen Street maskers," February 9, 1910. From the New Orleans Times-Democrat. Original photograph by John N. Teunisson. photo

     "Some of the maskers on the street yesterday," February 9, 1910. From the New Orleans Times-Democrat. photo

    City Ordinances:

      Authorizing the employment of H. L. Zander to make borings in the bed of Lake Pontchartrain to determine the character of the sub-soil, with a view to the improvement of West End.

     Directing plans and specifications be made for construction of a concrete sea wall at West End, and the filling in with earth dredged from Lake Pontchartrain the area between the proposed sea wall and the revetment levee - also advertising for bids, etc.

    Carrying into effect Act No. 9 of the General Assembly of the State of Louisiana of 1910, to provide for the borrowing of $175,000 from the N. O. Railways & Light Co. for the construction of a recreational and amusement park at West End. (this was in 1911)

    Immigration Station -- Providing that the "Lawton Site" selected by the U. S. Government as an Immigration Station, be transferred to the Government without cost., and guaranteeing raparian rights with water of a draught sufficient for ocean-going vessels.

    U. S. Post Office -- Granting permission to construct vaults under the sidewalk on Capdeville Street in connnection with the Post Office being constructed.

    Providing for the purchase of building for a Central Fire Department situated on Decatur Street, in the 300 block.

     Authorizing the National Automatic Fire Alarm Company of Louisiana, to establish, maintain and operate a general burglar alarm, messenger and night watch signal service.

    Authorizing the Board of Commissioners of the McDonogh School Fund to borrow the sum of $50,000.00 from Julius Weis and Son

    Making it unlawful for any male or female under the age of 21 years to enter, for any reason, any bar room or saloon.

    Establishing a code to govern construction, alteration, additions, repairs and equipment; covering height, masonry, materials, construction, etc., etc.

    The Cabildo promulgated Spanish construction rules in 1975 and such laws were added to and elaborated on until the passage of the first New Orleans building code in 1910. These ordinances help to provide an understanding of individual structures by demonstrating just what the legal requirements were at a given time.

     Banks Street - Galvez to Bernadotte Streets. Amending 408 NCS including Banks Street in zoning law, and adding bakeries to list of banned industries.

    Broadway Street - St. Charles Avenue to Claiborne.Restricted to residential use only.

    Octavia Street - St. Charles Avenue to Claiborne Avenue.Restricted to residential use.

    Rules and Regulations Governing Public & Private Markets Amending Ord. 4155 to provide that no fresh meat shall be brought into a market before 1:00 AM, nor left on stand or hanging up after closing at night.

    To regulate the production and sale of milk, and providing penalties for violation as to adulteration, produced from diseased cows, to contain less than 3-1/2 per cent butter fat, and other misrepresentations.

    Granting the Hotel Grunewald Co. permission to construct an entrance projecting on the sidewalk, to their grill room in the basement. See hotel photos

    Dedicating site for a statue of Jefferson Davis on the neutral ground of Jefferson Davis Parkway between Canal Street and Cleveland Avenue. see other Jefferson Davis references here

    Granting permission to the Orleans Parish Medical Society to construct the second story of their two-story building to be erected at Elks Place and Gasquet Street, to project as much as 3-1/2 feet over the property line of Gasquet Street.

    Granting permission to the Colored Baptist Sanitarium to operate at 122 S. Howard St., between Canal and Gasquet Streets.

    Authorizing the purchase of ten lots of ground at the corner of Washington Avenue and Prytania Street for a gymnasium for the children of the public schools. see playgrounds here

    Granting to the Second Regiment Infantry L.N.G., permission to establish on its premises, 4521 Magazine Street, a suitable gallery target range for the practice of troops.

    Authorizing barriers placed across Chartres, Conti and St. Louis Sts. during court sessions.

    Authorizing the Commissioners of the McDonogh School Fund to borrow the sum of $50,000.00 from Julius Weis and Son.

    Regulating the sale and possession of habit forming drugs or any preparation or compound thereof. see marijuana/drugs here






    Edward Douglas White, Chief Justice of the United States, 1910-1921 (statue)

    • In front of the Supreme Court building
    • Originally erected by the State of Louisiana in 1926
    • Re-erected by Lawyers of Louisiana in 1961

    Warren Easton was Superintendent of the New Orleans Public Schools from 1888 until his death in 1910. A Crescent City native, Easton graduated from the University of Louisiana (Tulane's predecessor) and served as principal of various public schools and as State Superintendent of Education before heading the New Orleans public education system. During his twenty-two years on the job, the teaching force in the city increased from 414 to 1122 and the number of public schools jumped from 51 to 87. [New Orleans Public Schools. Annual Report, 1910] Source and photo at

    C. Milo Williams Photograph Collection

    John N. Teunisson Photographs

    Tomb of the Army of Tennessee--Louisiana Division; statue of General Albert Sidney Johnston atop the tomb. photo
    St. Roch Cemetery No. 1, opened in 1874; the famous St. Roch Chapel is in the background. Allison took this photograph sometime between 1905 and 1910.  photo

    From the 1820s to 1910, the Presbytere housed the Louisiana Supreme Court and the civil courts of Orleans Parish. 

    Independent Order of Beavers
    The Independent Order of Beavers was one of two dozen or so fraternal organizations listed in the 1910 city directory for New Orleans. It was apparently a shortlived group as it is no longer listed in the 1912 and later directories. Other than the fact that it had a Dam rather than a Lodge, and that it worked with area orphans, we know nothing about the Order. photo

    St. Patrick's Hall, photographed through the trees of Lafayette Square by Alexander Allison sometime between 1905 and 1910.

    Schools photos

    Fruit Market

    Cuyamel Fruit Company was one of the smaller firms of banana importers that attempted unsuccessfully to compete with the all-powerful United Fruit. Founded in 1902, purchased by Samuel Zemurray in 1910, see

    New Orleans in 1910 Photos -

    Theaters, Amusements, Entertainment:


    Lafayette Theatre (1917)

     Steamer Sidney 1917  3 above at


    Oake's Hotel /Steamer


    Eagle Loan Office


    Hausmann and Sons

    W.G. Tebault owned this store on Royal Street for many years (until some time after 1910). He also owned the Phoenix Furniture Store at 220 Camp StreetW.G. Tebault owned this store on Royal Street for many years (until some time after 1910). He also owned the Phoenix Furniture Store at 220 Camp Street photo

    D.H. Holmes

    Parking Commission photos
    The police force, perhaps on Elk Place in front of the old Criminal Court building, ca. 1910. Photograph by John Hypolite Coquille. photo

    Garden District photos

    A view of the old St. Louis Hotel, 1910. Once the location of one of New Orleans' most active slave exchanges, and later used as the Louisians state capitol, the once magnificent structure was demolished in 1915 after being severely damaged by the great hurricane of that year.   photo

    Alfred O. Smith operated the Chicago Hotel in the 200 block of South Rampart Street during the first part of the twentieth century. The establishment's letterhead in use after 1910 noted that the hotel and its restaurant were:

    Open all night. With its private Dining Rooms for Special Parties. A three story brick building with three halls, all rooms lead into halls. Reasonable prices for first-class service. Fire-proof safe for deposits. Hot and cold water baths. Barber shop, electric lights, fans, pianos, and ice cream soda fountains, Lemonade, etc. The Chicago Hotel has a two-fold purpose that is to maintain a high grade of morals among our boys and girls, as well as to give employment to them.
    The register includes manuscript entries showing the name and city of each guest (in most instances, the names appear to be signatures). Some entries also include the room number, number of days paid for, and/or amount paid. Among the registered guests were Prof. J.S. Clark (then president of Baton Rouge College) on October 24, 1909 and educator/author I. Garland Penn on December 6, 1910. The Williams and Stevens Stock Company stayed at the Chicago during April, 1910 while performing at the nearby Temple Theatre.

    Mugnier Photos
    Children photos

    Archbishop Blenk with Burman

    Martin Behrman Album -

    Bird's Eye views --

    Residences photos --

    River photos --

    public building photos --
    and more at with former business names included for each.

    Vieux Carré photos at
    The Lower Pontalba Buildings, 1910. In this view from the middle of Jackson Square Allison captured the grandeur of Madame de Pontalba's buildings during the last years of her family's ownership of the structures. In 1921 the Pontalba heirs sold the lower buildings (the St. Ann Street row) to William Radcliff Irby for $68,000. Irby willed the buildings to the Louisiana State Museum which has owned them ever since.  photo

    New Basin Canal -- 

    Church Photos --
    First Presbyterian Church, New Orleans, ca. 1910
    Lafayette Square

    New Orleans Parks Photos --

    New Orleans: Gateway to the Americas Bananas, ca. 1910 at

    Frank E. Bishop, Commissioner of Police and Public Buildings

    In 1910 the New Orleans Public Library began to publish a quarterly bulletin containing a classified list of all books added to the collection.
    The Library's 1910 Annual Report says, "A great advantage a small branch has is the strong feeling of friendliness that soon springs up between the borrower and the library force. The success and growth of the branch depends more upon the creation and maintenance of this feeling than upon any other one cause." In 1910 NOPL had only three tiny branches

    Newspapers included the New Orleans Bee, Daily News, New Orleans Daily States, Times Democrat, Daily Picayune, Algiers Herald, St. Bernard Voice.



    Percent of U. S. Totals


    Percent of U. S. Totals

    Imports & Exports



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    Telephone Exchanges -- WAlnut Carrollton/West Bank 1910 1956 to UNiversity 1 & 5
    ALgiers West Bank (from 1906)
    HEmlock Downtown (from 1906)
    JAckson Uptown/West Bank from 1909
    MAin CBD from 1879
    UPtown Uptown/West BankUptown from 1903

    Markets Rules and Regulations Governing Public & Private Markets 1909 Placing the collection of market revenues under control of the City Treasurer. It wasn't until 1910 that "no fresh meat shall be brought into a market before 1:00 AM, nor left on stand or hanging up after closing at night".

    1910  ~The first reports of marijuana use in America: it appears in border towns in Texas and New Mexico and among blacks in New Orleans
    The Public Safety Commissioner of New Orleans wrote that, “marijuana was the most frightening and vicious drug ever to hit New Orleans,” and in 1910 warned that regular users might number as high as 200 in Storeyville alone.

    Since smoking marihuana was associated with wild music and crazy behaviour - and with Negroes - the authorities moved quickly to stamp it out.


    The New Orleans Fire Department's old telegraph alarm system in Gallier Hall, pictured in March of 1956. That same year, a new telephone-based fire alarm system, located in the new City Hall on Perdido Street, replaced this ornate but outmoded setup, which had protected the city from conflagration since 1910. [Municipal Government Collection; NOFD Series]


    adorno.jpg Edit Picture

    Constance ("Tiny") Corcoran Adorno, born and raised in New Orleans. enjoys the bayou not far from her family's Moss Street home c. 1910.  
    Note the Louis Blanc House at 924 Moss Street Moss Street in the right center-ground. The plantation style house was built c. 1798.
    Thanks to Connie Adorno Barcza for sharing this photo of her grandmother.

    Photographer Clarence John Laughlin's family moved to New Orleans in 1910 when he was five years old.

    Jefferson Davis monument was erected on Canal Street at Cleveland.

    820 Poydras St - The the Cumberland/Southern Bell Building

    820 Poydras St - The the Cumberland/Southern Bell Building


    1916 telephone ad. Source: 

    Mayer Israel's on Canal St. was a fixture in downtown New Orleans from 1906 until it closed in the late 1950s. As a young man, Mayer Israel entered the business of his uncle Leon Godchaux and, in 1891 purchased the clothing house of H.D. McGown. In 1906, he moved the store to 706 Canal, and in 1910, he purchased the property at 714 Canal and had a new structure built on the site. The store later expanded into 716 Canal as well.



    Krewe of Proteus Float Design circa 1905

    Bror Anders Wikstrom is the artist who designed the carnival parades of the Krewe of Proteus from 1900 to 1910. View an online exhibit of his work at

    An invitation to the Mithras ball from 1910. photo


    U.S. Mint Closes

    At the corner of Esplanade Avenue (400 Esplanade) and North Peters Street near the Mississippi River sits the imposing Greek Revival style U.S. Mint which was built in 1836. Fort St. Charles (built in 1792) had protected the north-west corner of the original city at this site during the Spanish Colonial Period. In later years this plot of land adjacent to the French Market was the location of the first Jackson Square in New Orleans. The branch mint was established in 1833 and opened in 1838 as the largest mint in the United States. The 282 by 81 walls are 36 inches thick at the basement level and taper to 18 inches on the third story. The exterior is composed of cemented brick topped with a Mississippi River mud plaster. During the Civil War (in 1861) the United State of Louisiana coined Confederate currency and housed soldiers there. From 1879 through 1910 it reverted back producing U.S. currency. In 1927 through 1930 the Veterans Bureau used the building. In 1932 it served as a federal prison for short term violators of the Volstead Act. The U.S. Coast Guard Reception Center was located there in 1943. From 1981 until Hurricane Katrina the building was used as branch of the Louisiana State Museum. (Courtesy Library of Congress.)

    In this 1897 photograph women workers at the U.S. Mint in New Orleans inspect and weigh blank coins. Coin Adjustors (historically always women) filed the edges of slightly overweight coins until they weighed the precise amount required; if blanks were underweight or too heavy for filing they were returned to be re-melted and recast. Scales in adjusting rooms were so accurate that a breath or a breeze could affect their accuracy therefore coin adjustors worked in rooms with closed doors and windows regardless of the temperature in pre-air-conditioning days. (Courtesy Library of Congress.)

    Hotel Dieu was not a hotel, but a hospital run by the Sisters of Mercy.
    This postcard circa 1910.

    West End:

    Raphael Tuck & Sons Postcard view of the West End of the Southern Yacht Club.
    New Basin Canal at West End

    'Scordill' postcard of West End summer & Winter Resort, New Orleans, LA.
    Attractions include amusement rides, Thoms Gate, & the Macki Saloon.

    Mannessier's Pavilion
    Walks at West End

    Several yacht clubs and the lighthouse can be seen, as well as camps in the background. Postcard published by Lipsher Specialty of New Orleans.  The card was posted in 1910 in New Orleans.

    The New Canal Light, was one of a series of octagonal wooden lighthouses built in 1838, that surrounded Lake Pontchartrain. It was built on pilings then relocated to its present site in 1910.

    John Gentilich opened the Acme Cafe at 117 Royal St.  After a 1924 fire, Acme moved to the current location at 724 Iberville St. and was re-named Acme Oyster House.

    Spanish Fort:


    1910 - Postcard Postcard postmarked 1910. F. M. Kirby & Company of New Orleans Louisiana issued this view of the "Old Spanish Fort" in New Orleans.

    This postcard, from about 1910, was published by C.B. Mason, of New Orleans, Louisiana. The card pictures the Railroad Station at Spanish Fort in New Orleans. The description on the back reads, 'Historical Spanish Fort on the shores of Lake Pontchartrain operated by the New Orleans Railway & Light Co., New Orleans, La.'

    Dapper Gentlemen with Canon at Spanish Fort

    Spanish Fort Ruins Title: Spanish Fort Description: Suited men standing behind a cannon at Spanish Fort. Source: Louisiana State Museum
    In 1910 all cannons at the fort were removed and placed in theLouisiana  State Museum at the Cabildo.

    Boys Riding an Alligator named Pontchartrain Bill at Spanish Fort
    Grave of Sancho Pablo at Spanish Fort

    Grave of Sancho Pablo, New Orleans, La 1910. 

    Sancho Pablo was the first commander of Spanish Fort.  Legend has it that he was was in love with an Indian girl whose father disliked him and killed him when he discovered them meeting under the trees where he is buried.

    Spanish Fort Amusement Park

    1910's Amusement Park

    Pontchartrain Beach at Spanish Fort

    Spanish Fort circa 1910

    More Spanish Fort Photographs Date range: ca. 1880-1910 from the George Francois Mugnier Photograph Collection New Orleans Public Library

    The Tramps, who first marched in 1901 tossing gold walnuts began handing out coconuts in 1910.  This group would later be known as The Krewe of Zulu.

    1910s Jelly Roll Morton plays on the Lake

    1910s Jelly Roll Morton plays on the Lake
    Ferdinand (Jelly Roll) Morton (1890-1941) was was the first great composers and piano players of Jazz. An interesing quote from Jelly Roll, talking about his recordings (records): "Why would anyone be interested in those old things?" He wrote "Pontchartrain" and recorded "Bucktown Blues". From 1926-1930, Jelly Roll Morton and the Red Hot Peppers band included Jazz greats Baby Dodds(drums), Johnny Dodds (clarinet), Kid Ory (trombone), and Johnny St. Cyr (banjo & guitar)--all born in New Orleans. Sources: Asbol Repertoire


    Alcide Nunez, right, with his nephew, violinist Harry Nunez, in the early 1910s. In this photo they were playing at one of the old camps on Lake Pontchartrain with Frank Christian's Band. Nunez worked in the bands of his friends cornetist Frank Christian and trombonist Tom Brown. At least on occasion, Nunez put together a band under his own name. But for years his most important work was with bandleader Papa Jack Laine. Source: 


    1884-1934 - Alcide (Yellow) Nunez The Moonlight Serenaders...played regularly along the lakefront north of New Orleans at places like Milenburg and Little Woods. They accompanied the Boswell Sisters early in their carrer. Source:

    Trombonist Tom “Red” Brown (1888-1958) played with Papa Jack Laine's Reliance band.  He organized Brown's Ragtime Band in 1910. Tom Brown and his New Orleans Jazz Band claimed to be the first to use the word 'Jass.  Brown played with Johnny Bayersdorffer and his Jazzola Novelty Orchestra.  He left New Orleans in 1915 when he took Brown's Ragtime Band to Chicago making him the first to bring a White Jazz band north from New Orleans.
    For a while, both black and white bands had found plenty of seasonal employment at the beachfront restaurants, pavilions, and cabarets lining the south shore of 635-square-mile Lake Pontchartrain, less than five miles north of the city. Tom Brown's band was even one of the few that got to play on the excursion steamers that took tourists to the more exclusive north shore. But Pontchartrain's heyday ran in cycles, subject to sometimes violent weather and changing fashion. It ended forever when, in the mid-1920s, construction began on a seawall to extend the existing shoreline out several hundred feet, protecting it from storms and flooding--and leaving the former resort area stranded inland. Source: Like most early White New Orleans Jazz musicians, trombonist Tom Brown was a veteran of Papa Jack Laine's Reliance. Around 1910 he organized his own band called Brown's Ragtime Band. In 1915 he took the band North to Chicago making him the first to bring a White Jazz band north from New Orleans. Brown claimed to be the first to use the word "Jass" to descibe the music that was coming out of New Orleans. The legend goes like this; The word "Jass" was some vague slang for sex, and was associated with prostitution. Tom Brown's band had come North from New Orleans in 1915 and was playing a successful engagement at Lamb's Cafe (located at Clark and Randolph Streets) against the wishes of the Chicago musician's union. The term "Jass" was used by the union as a way to denigrate the band. In defiance of union Brown and the club owner started advertising the band as Brown's Band From Dixieland . The union's insults backfired increasing the popularity of the group and causing the term "Jass" to forever to be used to describe the New Orleans style of collective improvisation. Brown's Dixieland Jass Band consisted of Tom Brown on trombone; his brother Steve on bass, Ray Lopez on cornet; William Lambert on drums; Arnold Loyacano on guitar; and Larry Sheilds on clarinet. The band travelled to New York and had a successful run in 1916, but then broke up. Brown returned briefly to New Orleans, but booking agents in New York were still contacting him wanting a "Jass" band. He recommended another White New Orleans Jazz band, Stein's Dixieland Jass Band that was playing in Chicago at the time. Johnny Stein was under contractual obligation in Chicago and couldn't make it, but the rest of the band decided that this was to good of an offer to pass up and left Stein holding the bag in Chicago. In New York the group became The Original Dixieland Jass Band, an obvious attempt to associate themselves with Brown's Band From Dixieland. Brown got another band together and got a gig at New York's Century Theatre as part of Town Topics revue in 1916 where they were billed as The Five Rubes. Once in New York, Brown's clarinetist, Larry Sheilds exchanged jobs with Yellow Nuñez who had just been fired from The Original Dixieland Jass Band. Nuñez joined Browns band. While in New York Tom Brown took part in a number of recording sessions which included the Happy Six, Yerke's Jazzarimba Orchestra, The Kentucky Seranaders, and with Ray Miller's Black and White Melody Boys. Brown couldn't keep his band together in New York, and returned to Chicago where he lead bands and work as a sideman before he returned to New Orleans and opened a music shop. In New Orleans he played with Johnny Bayersdorffer and his Jazzola Novelty Orchestra. He continued to play in a variety of bands in New Orleans for the rest of his life while also running his store. In 1955 and 1958 recorded for the first time under his own name. These sessions are avaliable on CD from GBH records under the name of Tom Brown and his New Orleans Jazz Band. Source:

    Geary “Bunk” Johnson ((1889-1949) joined the Eagle Band in 1910.  Louis Armstrong, recalled that Bunk Johnson was as one of the early influential jazz musicians in New Orleans.
    Honore Dutrey started playing trombone in various bands in New Orleans  in 1910 , including Jimmie Noone's band.
    Clarinetist Jimmie Noone was raised in Hammond, where he began to play guitar as a boy. In 1910, his family moved  to New Orleans

    The Northshore:

    Mandeville Pier and Railroad
    Mugnier's Hotel in Mandeville